All you need to lớn know about the CHKDSK utility provided in Windows XP.., Vista & 7

Summary: All you need to lớn know about the CHKDSK utility provided in Windows XPhường, Vista và 7See less All you need khổng lồ know about the CHKDSK utility provided in Windows XP., Vista and 7


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Using the Check Disk Option (Chkdsk) to Detect & Correct Disk Errors

CHKDSK can either scan your hard disk & provide just a report, or scan your disk và correct tệp tin errors and/or bad sectors. A tệp tin error is an error that involves the Windows filing system. A bad sector is an area on your hard disk that is unable khổng lồ store information. Correcting file errors takes more time than reporting, & correcting both tệp tin errors và bad sectors takes even longer.

Depending on the number of files, the kích cỡ of the hard disk, the number of errors on the hard drive, và the options you choose,CHKDSKcan take anywhere from minutes lớn hours to lớn complete.


Note: Since CHKDSK takes over the hard disk và does not allow other programs khổng lồ run until complete. It is important to run CHKDSKwhen several hours of downtime is acceptable.
Warning: Do not interrupt CHKDSKwhile it is running unless certain that the program has frozen or shows an error message. Interrupting CHKDSKby restarting the system can result in the creation of additional errors. See the Troubleshooting Chechồng Disk section at the kết thúc of this topic for more details.

This topic covers the most frequently used aspects of CHKDSK. For more comprehensive information, see the Microsoft article Chkdsk

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which discusses CHKDSKoptions và parameters in detail.

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The following sections explain how lớn run the Check Disk option in Windows XPhường, Vista and 7. The final section explains how to troubleshoot errors you might encounter running the CHKDSK program.

Run CHKDSK in Microsoft Windows 10, Windows 8.1, & Windows 7

Usingthe Graphical User Interface (GUI)

Clichồng Start & then clickMy Computer. Right-cliông xã the drive sầu to lớn persize a check disk and then, select Properties. Clichồng on the Tools tab in the Properties window. Clichồng Cheông xã under error checking. To perkhung a complete check of the hard drive for errors, kiểm tra off both options in the pop-up kiểm tra disk window. Clichồng the Start button khổng lồ start the process. If checking a hard drive with open files, an error message appears stating Windows can’t check the disk while it’s in use. Clichồng Schedule disk check. The computer will reboot & check the disk before Windows Vista boots up.

Using the Command Line Interface

CHKDSKcan also run using the command line (DOS) prompt. Cliông chồng Start and then clickRun. xuất hiện the command prompt và type cmd in the tìm kiếm box. Cliông chồng OK. Right-click cmd.exe in the search results and then select Run as Administrator. Type chkdsk and press .
Cause

Run CHKDSKin Windows Vista

Click
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and then clichồng Computer. Right-clichồng the hard drive sầu you want lớn scan, & then clichồng Properties. In theLocal DriveProperties window, clichồng the Tools tab, then clichồng Cheông chồng Now. In the User Account Control window, cliông chồng Continue. In the Cheông chồng Disk window, cliông chồng to lớn select the boxes next to: Automatically fix tệp tin system errors Scan for & attempt recovery of bad sectors Clichồng theStart button. This process can take up to lớn several hours, depending on the kích cỡ of the drive. You may be prompted lớn perkhung the scan next time you reboot the computer. If so, click Schedule Disk Check, và restart the computer.


Resolution

Run CHKDSK in Microsoft Windows XP


Note: It is advisable khổng lồ select Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors khổng lồ physically kiểm tra the surface of the hard disk. However, this step increases the time it takes to lớn complete the scan.
Usingthe Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Cliông xã Start
& then clickMy Computer. Right-click the hard disk drive sầu lớn scan, and clickProperties. In the Local Disk Properties window, cliông chồng the Tools tab. Cliông chồng Cheông xã Now. In the Cheông xã Disk Local Disk window, cliông xã to lớn select the box next to Automatically fix file system errors. Click Start. A prompt may appear to lớn persize the scan the next time the computer restarts. If so, clichồng Yes.The computer restarts and runs Checkdisk.

Using the Windows Recovery Console


Note: For example, type Fixboot c:
Type CHKDSK /R, và then press . When prompted Are you sure?, press , and then press . TypeFixboot x:, wherex is the drive sầu letter of the partition the computer is logged inlớn, & press . When prompted Are you sure?,press , & then press . Type EXIT, và then press .

Using the Comm& Line Interface

Check disk can also run using the command line (DOS) prompt. Cliông xã Start & then clickRun. xuất hiện the command prompt và type cmd in the search box then cliông chồng OK. Right-click cmd.exe in the tìm kiếm results and then select Run as Administrator. Use one of the following methods: To run Checkdisk in read-only mode, at the comm& prompt, type chkdsk, and then press . To repair errors without scanning the disk for bad sectors, at the commvà prompt, type chkdsk volume:/f, & then press . To repair errors, bad sectors, và readable information, at the commvà prompt, type chkdsk volume:/r, & then press .