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Date:1939 - present...(Show more)Headquarters:Tokyo...(Show more)Areas Of Involvement:electronicsmanufacturing...(Show more)Related People:Dokō Toshio...(Show more)

Toshitía Corporation, major Japanese manufacturer of computers và electronic devices for consumers và industry. Headquarters are in Tokyo.

The company was incorporated in 1939 as Tokyo Shibaura Electric Company, Ltd. (Japanese: Tōkyō Shibaura Denki KK), in the merger of Shibaura Engineering Works, Ltd., and Tokyo Electric Company, Ltd. It adopted its present name in 1978.

The original Shibaura company, formed in 1875, grew out of inventor Tanaka Hisashige’s factory, with primary concentration on manufacturing engines for ocean vessels. It was taken over by the Mitsui business combine (zaibatsu) & mix lớn making heavy, high-horsepower steam engines. It began making machine tools in the mid-1890s. Tokyo Electric Light Company began manufacturing bamboo-filament electric lightbulbs in 1890, with Mitsui financing. The merged corporation separated from Mitsui with the dissolution of the zaibatsu after World War II, but it became reaffiliated with the Mitsui group in 1973.

Both predecessor companies also had cchiến bại ties with the General Electric Company of the United States. General Electric (GE) first obtained an interest in Tokyo Electric in 1907 in return for GE’s aid in updating that company’s công nghệ, which led to the mass production of Mazdomain authority electric lamps in Japan. In 1909 GE entered into lớn a similar arrangement with Shibaura. Such association represented the first significant infusion of Western technology inlớn nhật bản & was a major success. GE is still one of Toshiba’s largest shareholders.


Toshitía, in cooperation with the Sony Corporation & another American firm, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), designed the Cell Broadb& Engine. Developed over a four-year period beginning in 2001, this advanced computer chip has multiple applications, from IBM supercomputers lớn Toshitía high-definition (HD) televisions to lớn the Sony Playstation 3 electronic game system. In 2008 Toshiba introduced a line of laptops, or notebook computers, based on the Cell processor.

Toshicha manufactures a variety of consumer & business products. In addition lớn HD televisions & máy vi tính computers, the company builds DVD players, digital đoạn phim recorders (DVRs), printers, copiers, lighting products, medical imaging equipment, surveillance systems, & liquid crystal display (LCD) devices. It also produces semiconductors as well as equipment for the generation of electric power, industrial motors, và industrial electronics. It has a number of subsidiaries in other countries.

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The Editors of Encyclopaedia daipha.comThis article was most recently revised & updated by Adam Augustyn.